BC Hydro

De-Politicization of BC Hydro & ICBC

Richard McCandless, a retired high-level civil servant, is not a partisan for any political group but, for some years, he has been lobbying for more effective governance of British Columbia. In one of his regular papers, Richard reminds us of how Campbell and Clark governments have put politics before principled management of public affairs. By doing so, they have wounded two important public agencies.

60% of ballots were cast by voters who wanted change in Victoria. We will know within a few weeks if real change will be achieved in 2017. During the campaign, I expressed fear the Green Party leadership, by preferring paper candidates in ridings where Liberal incumbents were at risk, had already entered a coalition with Christy Clark.

I believe it is wrong to prop up a government that has no moral compass and the McCandless article below restates issues that are illustrative. We must remember the BC Liberal government has been trending toward disaster and, if Clark, Coleman, et al are not removed, current and future citizens will pay a heavy price.


The Green Party currently holds the balance of power, and now must make the transformation from opposition critic to assisting a new administration in dealing with the multitude of issues faced by any government. Even if the NDP loses the Courtenay-Comox riding to the Liberals, the support of the three Green members will be important in steering the Liberal government toward “good public policy” as defined by the Greens.

The Liberal party clearly lost the election. Despite a relatively strong economy, and the usual fear campaign of a vote for the NDP is a vote for economic ruin, the Liberal vote share dropped from 44.1% in 2013 to 40.9% in 2017. The loss in the Lower Mainland was more pronounced. The NDP support held at close to 40% (higher in the Lower Mainland), while the Green party support rose from 8.2% in 2013 to 16.7% on May 9th.

Kevin Falcon, a former Liberal finance minister, lays part of the blame for the Liberal defeat on the government being too concerned with its re-election, rather than promoting sound public policy. (Voters punished B.C. Liberals for too much politics, not enough leadership, says former minister)

The corrosive effect of gearing decisions to the need to retain power is more widespread than just campaign financing, as discussed by Gary Mason. (The Greens could clean B.C.’s dirty political ecosystem) It has permeated and weakened policy development through the government.

Martyn Brown, the former chief of staff to premier Gordon Campbell, stated that in recent years the Liberal government had lost its moral compass. A change in attitude and policy was needed to bring about a better BC, and the NDP would provide that change. (One voice for change in B.C. election)

The 2017 election may mark a new stage in the re-alignment of the political parties in this province. Much depends on whether the Green leadership decides that the Liberal party should retain the Treasury benches, or whether it is time for a truly new approach.


Lord Acton said, “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power tends to corrupt absolutely.”

All governments eventually lose touch with the electorate, and are replaced with new people with new ideas. These changes are generally positive, as the new perspective tends to refresh the machinery of government. Most new ministers find that the actual administration of government is more complex than perceived from the outside, and this is truer for those who have not previously been in government or spent some time in opposition.

The recent election provides an opportunity for the NDP, if supported by the Green members, to effect some fundamental reforms in the conduct of public administration in this province. It is an opportunity to demonstrate that bringing forward good public policy can be more than an election promise.


As potential king (or Queen) makers, the Green leadership is acutely aware that their platform aligns more closely with the NDP ideals, particularly on fundamental matters of reforming party finances and promoting a fairer distribution of economic benefits. On many other matters the two are also closely aligned. (Where the Greens align — or don’t — with the NDP and Liberals on 20 hot topics)

National Green party leader Elizabeth May stated that the election was a vote for change, clearly implying that the Green party would support an NDP government. (Federal NDP, Greens buoyed by B.C. election results, Liberals stay diplomatic) Other observers had agreed.



In 2001, the newly elected Liberal government vowed to take politics out of the management of BC Hydro and ICBC. (For ICBC, see Politics and Public Automobile Insurance in British Columbia) The BC Utilities Commission’s authority to set BC Hydro’s rates was restored, and it was also assigned the authority to set the rates for ICBC’s compulsory Basic insurance.

Following the 2009-10 recession, the government became more active in the financial affairs of both major public corporations. Their profits helped bolster the government’s revenues, and their cash transfers reduced the government’s direct borrowing requirements.

From 2010, when the government began to appropriate ICBC’s Optional insurance surplus capital, to 2012, when the government took direct control of BC Hydro’s annual rate setting authority, the priority was to use the two Crowns to help steady provincial government’s finances. (This would not be permitted under the rate regulated accounting rules, but the government exempted BC Hydro from this bothersome accounting requirement in 2011.)

This pattern of control was strengthened in the following years.

In 2013, cabinet imposed limits on the annual change in Basic insurance rates, and announced a 10-year financing plan for BC Hydro. Again, BC Hydro’s rate increases would be suppressed and the profits enhanced through deferring cost overruns and revenue shortfalls.

Prescriptive cabinet orders in March 2014, included the requirement that the Utilities Commission approve a highly dubious “rate smoothing” deferral account, thereby allowing BC Hydro to count future unbilled revenue. This device allowed the government to continue to suppress electricity rates while reporting higher yearly profits as government revenue (and to extract dividends which added to BC Hydro’s debt).

The government’s politicization of the finances of BC Hydro and ICBC has come at the expense of future customers in a classic pretend and extend gambit.

BC Hydro customers now face a much higher debt liability, due in part to the $3.2 billion increase in the net deferral balance between 2011/12 and 2015/16.

The recent massive capital expenditure program, and the premature Site C project, may result in a down-grade to the province’s credit rating.

At ICBC, the failure to curb the growth in Basic claims costs, and the government’s suppression of the growth in Basic rates, has reduced the corporations once healthy capital reserves to below the regulatory minimum levels for 2016/17. A major rate shock for 2017 seems unavoidable. (Fixing ICBC’s Finances a Priority for New Government)

The government has been loath to disclose the true state of the financial deterioration at these two vital public corporations. Under cabinet orders the BC Hydro rate increases are capped at 3.5% for this year, and 3% for 2018, when increases in the range of 10% to 12% are required. In December 2016, the government imposed a 4.9% increase in Basic insurance rates for 2016, effectively ending the Utilities Commission’s review of the Basic insurance financing. Had the Optional capital subsidy been excluded, ICBC estimated that a 15% increase in Basic rates would have been required.

The government’s manipulation of the finances of the two public corporations has been incremental, and therefore has generally occurred out of the glare of the media spotlight.

Late in the election, however, the Liberal party claimed that a four-year rate freeze could cost BC Hydro some $1.2 billion in foregone revenue, or the equivalent of a 28% rate increase. A freeze on Basic insurance rates would result in a loss of some $2.0 billion, or the equivalent of a 75% rate increase. This disclose, meant to damage the NDP, provided the public with a glimpse of what the years of rate suppression have really meant (although the Liberal numbers were likely understated. (Big Rate Increases Coming for BC Hydro, ICBC, Liberals’ Projections Reveal)

The election result provides an opportunity of a new government to order an in-depth independent examination of the books of both BC Hydro and ICBC, and to thereby begin to restore both corporations to a healthier financial condition. This important project will take time and involve some painful public policy trade-offs between sharing the financial burden between the taxpayers and the ratepayers. It will also require the government to review past policy choices affecting the future cost of electricity.

It will also require the government to devote more resources to traffic safety education and enforcement initiatives, and to review the current coverage limits, to address the soaring cost of injury claims.

Maintaining the status quo, even with a green tinge, will not achieve the goal of advancing good public policy and improving the public’s trust in government.

Richard McCandless, May 16, 2017
BC Policy Perspectives

The writer is a retired senior BC government public servant whose paper describing the BC government’s manipulation of the finances of BC Hydro from 2008 to 2014 was published by BC Studies in November 2016. BC Studies published his paper on the 40-year financial history of ICBC in 2013. He has been an intervener in the BC Utilities Commission’s recent reviews of ICBC’s rate requests, and is an intervener in the Commission’s current reviews of ICBC and BC Hydro rate requests.

15 replies »

  1. Wonderful stuff Norm. Do you think we could collect this cabal of independent altruistic experts into a political party and run them (us) in the next election? I just don’t see any of the major parties doing so. J


  2. I suspect that the goal of our so-called “Liberal” government might be to DELIBERATELY bankrupt BCH and ICBC then hand them over to “private enterprise”.


  3. We know that part of the need for Site C (according to the BC Government) is to deal with, and allow for more power from IPPs.

    IPP power is intermittent and requires storage capability, which Site C would provide more of.

    Meaning BC Hydro would be paying $9 billion for Site C, so it can add to the $56 billion it owes to IPPs.

    This is insane.


    • Oddly enough, Weaver is in bed with IPPs. How someone calling themselves”Green” and in favour of these is beyond understanding.

      On the matter of carbon tax, unless it goes towards green initiatives/innovations, it is nothing more than a regressive form of taxation


      • In a very long life I never thought I would I’d see the day when a premer and her government could be so bad that a combination like John Horgan and Doc Weaver would be better, much less so obviously better!

        I wonder how Bob Skelly and Bill Vander Zalm would have done …?


  4. You learn something new every day. If the government can somehow convince an opposition not to talk about an unhelpful issue, shall we say, LNG, as long as they don’t mention it themselves, they’re 1/2 way home. If they can keep the incompetent buggers from talking about 4 of them, LNG, ICBC, doubling the Provincial debt and the rape of BC Hydro, and keep their own mouths shut, AND convince the voters that they have balanced the budget but the wicked witch of the West must have pinched the money, then any government, even this pack of truthless half wits can turn a much deserved wipeout into a narrow victory. Tell me O Lickspittles of the Mainstream Media, just one more time, about Horgan’s brilliant campaign.
    May I quote the scriptures in closing? Thank you, the shortest verse. Jesus wept! Mr Horgan did you really think you could beat a financially corrupt and inept government, in equal parts, that’s full to the brim with skilled prevaricatorx, by never mentioning a word?
    In more enlightened times they’d have thrown you in the duck pond.


  5. Why on earth would Horgan or Weaver want to share the same bed with the Liberals? Christy Clark claims the voters gave her an “opportunity”. The Chinese symbol would indicate that this is a “crisis” for her.
    The opposition should be screaming for cost benefit analysis and a BC Utilities inquiry on the Site C Dam.An investigation will uncover the lies of Christy that proves she is supporting her nameless donors with unlimited spending contracts and the taxpayer pays the bar tab.
    Anyone bargaining with Christy Clark should learn to sleep with their eyes open … and carry a can of bear spray. Heads will roll … becoming trophies mounted on her mantle.


  6. it would be much better to have B.C. Hydro run like a real corporation that didn’t suck the life blood/money out of this province or a dumping ground for the B.C. Lieberals. But that isn’t going to happen under the B.C. Lieberals. It is doubtful even if the Greens decide to support the B.C. Lieberals that things will change. I expect Green Weaver to simply add his list of “friends” to liven the place up and give it a green twinge.

    As I have suspected from the beginning of Green Weaver’s political career, he was not much more than a B.C. lieberal in shabby cloths. he didn’t do much to support the people of this province or its environment while a sitting MLA. Prior to the election he advised an interviewer he’d rather support Christy than Horgan. Like what planet did that boy get off of?? 8 dead children in care and no real changes/improvements. Guess they weren’t a killer whale. Then the piss of resistance Green Weaver and his tiny leaves hire a former right wing political operative, who is so old I remember when he was young to “negotiate” the Green’s way forward. When Green Weaver hired that old man, he said it all. In my opinion that was, hi, I’m here to make a deal for myself. I’m smarter than the rest of you because I have a PhD. now step aside a let an intelligent person handle this. What that man doesn’t understand is Christy has been playing this game for much longer than he has and she has an intelligence you don’t pick up in academia. You pick it up on the streets.

    Back in the day when B.C. Electric was expropriated the day after Dal Grauer’s funeral, old WAC had a plan and he stuck by it pretty well and the province did pretty well, not great, but pretty well. Then along tipples el gordo and his need to impress and provide and there went B.C. Hydro.

    if B.C. Hydro is to survive and the province along with it no politician ought to be involved in running the organization. No political appointees to boards or committees, Might want to add a couple of shrinks so they can advise how decisions have an impact on the population and those they disposes of their land, but politicians, not so much.

    Greeen Weaver and his little leaves are not going to stop Site C even if they have the “power to do so”. The environment was only number 4 when he listed his agenda. His others concern obtaining power and money. Once you have the money you can attain the power and hang on to it. that is all Green Weaver really wants. He may have conveinced others he needs to take the big money out of politics, but we know where that ended. ($30K – developer) He just wants it out because he doesn’t have it. if he had half of what the NDP has, he wouldn’t care. Men like Green Weaver are always all about themselves and their opinions.

    So unfortunately the Greens will do only what is best for themselves, upon the advise of the old man in too tight jeans from another era and political party.

    With the debt load B.C. hydro carries, once the day of reckoning comes or the interest rates increase expect B.C. Hydro to be sold to a company representing the Communist Chinese Government and their local representative will be some one like or either be Green Weaver or one of the little leaves. sitting next to them will be that old political shark.

    Liked by 1 person

  7. Christy Clark should wear body armor, carry a metal detector and not let any of her cabinet members within arms length of her back. Her lack of ethics, care for BC taxpayers, admiration of photo ops and love of rich donors has led to her demise.

    The BC Utility Commission will kill the Site C Dam, BC Hydro will attend it’s own funeral, LNG is dead, Kinder Morgan terminally ill, Forestry on life support and Fishing Industry is belly up due to her six year lack of Leadership.

    Christy Clark can only hope to be the next BC Conservative leader.

    Like the Site C Dam … Christy Clark has lost her power … beyond the point of no return.

    Liked by 1 person

  8. Congratulations British Columbia! Now comes the difficult work – to dismantle the festering cesspool that has developed over the last 16 years. It won’t be easy to turn this ship around but its imperative to steer it in a new direction as quickly as possible. And shut down Site C immediately.


  9. Hello Norm:
    There is a newsletter(Financial Post) owned by the Federal/Provincial Liberals.

    The journalist who wrote the Financial Post article has not investigated the facts.

    Are Justin Trudeau, Christy Clark and Rachel Notley the editors?
    This morning’s article is so slanted, it could fall off the Planet..

    The article is written in support of SNC Lavalin Engineering and the construction of Site C Dam. The numerous violations and lawsuits of Lavalin seem to have been forgotten.

    The readers’ comments appear to be lobbyists for the Liberals.



    • I trust there is no doubt on where I stand on the Kinder Morgan issue. Having already publicly told premier Notley to go to hell and being under strict orders from Wendy not to take the next logical step and use the international language for “go away” my comments today will try to help the national media understand to elementary points they prefer to ignore.

      There are a number of First Nations Law Suits , at least in part, based on the Canadian Constitution. That means initial hearing, presumably for each of them, before the full BC Court of Appeal. That will take time.. No matter how each one turns out, a full bench of the Supreme Court of Canada will be next. These hearings will be protracted, as well they should be, since they involve the very basis of the governing law of the country and the rights of those specifically protected by the Constitution. To think that will all be completed by 2019 is terminal madness.

      Secondly, these half-wits writing newspapers in faraway places overlook the fact that were prime minister Trudeau, minor, to force a settlement upon an unwilling British Columbia, it would create a national rift or scar that would never go away. Never!

      Lest one think that too dramatic, I invite you to look around the world and see where similar things have happened and contemplate the consequences. Sometimes the rift simply means division, unnecessary political division, especially when its most awkward, plus underlying resentment. Sometimes it’s constant violence just beneath the surface waiting for a catalyst. Sometimes, Scotland for example, it smoulders for centuries. In all cases at the very minimum it produces an unhappy country, a nation on the Atlas covering up subsurface anger.
      One does not have to look any further than the United States where the Civil War, though the fighting ended in 1865, will never ever really be over. Of course the country will probably stay together but there will always be a deep rift emotionally within the 50 states which will be aroused anytime there is a national issue requiring unity.

      This is not something to be taken lightly. The only prime minister of Canada who actually understood this was Mackenzie King whose perceptive evaluation holds as true now as it did them – “some countries have too much history, Canada has too much geography”. King did everything he could in his times to recognize that problem and ease the strains it caused.

      If you doubt what I say, close your eyes and imagine one or two major spill of bitumen, incapable of being cleaned up, in Vancouver Harbour, in the Salish Sea, the Gulf Islands or the Straits of Juan de Fuca.

      For all the foregoing, the Kinder Morgan line must truly fail because it is simply a bad proposition running up clearly against our times. To be taking poisonous elements out of the ground, transporting them over highly sensitive environmental areas, so that they can be shipped to countries who will put that poison into the atmosphere quickly and inefficiently, to come back and threaten the health and safety of our own country makes no sense. All of this to sell poison so as to enhance the political prospects of two politicians! Whom the gods wish to destroy, they first make mad!

      It makes even less sense when you see the general worldwide movement against the use of fossil fuel’s which despite the occasional insanity such as President Trump, will ultimately prevail,while our Hero of Paris will be helping his own country destroy itself with the very substances being universally banned.

      Oh, Canada, We stand on guard for thee – unless, of course, the money and the politics dictate otherwise.



      • Thanks Rafe for spelling it out once again. (By the way, the topic is ‘the de-politicization of BC Hydro & ICBC”, but Kinder Morgan is okay with me).
        I’m not as learned as many commentators here, I don’t have a TV set and I don’t subscribe to any newspapers BUT I have been an internet advocate for the past decade and IMHO the concern over KM is overrated. Not that a constant vigil is not warranted, but the advances in alternate power sources, power storage and renewable energy are such that KM will become uneconomical before the issue wends it way through the courts.
        And if by chance I’m wrong, let the Albertans ship the stuff north and out through the Arctic passage. The rate things are heating up it’ll be open year-round soon and maybe Chrispy’s ‘World Class’ cleanup crew will have devised a method to clean up the spills.


  10. As much as I appreciate blogs like this the fact that there is no consequences for our politicians makes me feel that why do we even bother reading these articles


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